Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is along with a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and whenever unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available using furniture that is PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or a fact. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Lastly tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, there are many similar sounds unique meanings. As a few fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn't always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concept of the characters are able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same manner as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds such as u with an umlaut () that sounds like a compounding of I and u. Like everything unfamiliar, it leads to uncertainty and fear. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the most important step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language achievement.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted a research amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results which could help future learners in forming a complete study technique. Her study revolves all through most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners' ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese character types.
The study finds that among leading twenty most often used strategies, eight of them are springing out of when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Experiencing the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.
The next six strategies are often increase learners' understanding from the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the character has been used preceding.
12. Discovering this how to say hi in chinese very good used in conversation.
13. Utilizing the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the type could be utilized in content.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning concentrations. There are only three strategies implemented in memorising newly learned character.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in memory.
17. Given the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And there is only one strategy discovered practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed truly worth two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many occasions when.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner's skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the actual characters. A few strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students the materials they are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials they are learning as they quite do the one thing. Simply reading the characters aren't enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection the brand new characters become worse them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study points too recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding the concepts of. One way the proper this will be by using an app for example The Intelligent Flashcards. Additionally flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Simply does it show stroke order animation, it can be accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app the more convenient that another app with regard to Anki. With Anki, although user could add personal notes on it, the sound file isn't available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning strategy to incorporate is observing how the characters are usually employed in framework. This can be done by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio files conversation. Is actually interesting to make note of that university students studied on the inside abovementioned research were hesitant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, for example watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese songs. There could be many reasons that generate this. Design and style of the shows or songs may not appeal to your learners.
Regarding this program is quite a bit less convenient. And even if the shows might be accessed online, rarely a tick subtitled in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more necessary to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most on the very popular Chinese Television fall in the historical genre, which is often a favourite one of several Chinese, regarding The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is much more complex as opposed to a contemporary spoken Chinese.